La presencia del migrante en la prensa escrita argentina (1999-2007)


Mera, Carolina

Spatial Coverage

Temporal Coverage





334 p.


Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.0 Genérica (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)






This thesis object is to do research on the different ways of appearance of the migrant in three Argentinean newspapers (La Nación, Clarín y Página/12), during the years 1999-2007. Our research is focalized on which the associative strategies, image and naming used around the migratory subject, in a context of significant events and economic, politic and social changes are.

We considered the journalistic article characteristics as a peculiar connection between discourse and ideology. These are set up as “textual packages”, products of a certain production, distribution and consumption model. We understand that written word is power and therefore it possesses as much as a performative nature as the possibility of imposing an event view that closes and block alternative answers.

Previous academic research on this subject, focused on the 90’s, has shown an association between migrants and misappropriation, tax evasion, crime, as well as a failure to abide by the rules and customs of the Argentine people as a welcome society.

This paper’s originality lies in contributing to the studies that place the media role in the prejudice and stereotype shaping. The main supply for the integration of social representation, categorization, perception and even sensation bias built on the “other” is found by the identity configuration of “us”.

In accordance with the research, we consider that the discriminatory discourse was present during the studied period, although in a more subtle way than the exhibited in the 90’s. The first selected issue deals with the treatment given by the mentioned newspapers to Latin-American and Asian migration in Argentina. We emphasize in the media coverage of three events, the year 2000 attack and torture of Bolivian farmers, the 2006 fire in a Flores borough illegal plant where six people died, and the so called “Chinese supermarket boycott” in the same year.

Amongst these events, discourse set ups that group the migrants in static and stigmatizing economic, labor, region, illegality, association way and identity group categories are found. The newspapers search for recurrence of the past European migration in the beginning and the middle of the twentieth century, as well as the different way of naming, quantitative data, and description that helps positioning migrants in a standardized and standarazing discursive place just to configure and to outline the image of this subject.

The second studied issue is focalized in the coverage that the media gave to recent Argentine “emigration” that took place after the 2001 crisis, the worsening moment and the change affecting this event between 2003 and 2004. The way newspapers describe the Argentine emigrant regarding their emigrant past, their life stories and their place as a political subject and rights bearer is outlined.

According to this approach, we consider of importance to put in tension and to compare the description of Latin-American and Asian migrants and the Argentine emigrant, so to be able to reflect about the categories, subjects and associative strategies that newspapers set up in their meaning trap.

Table Of Contents


1. Capítulo I: Perspectiva teórica y consideraciones metodológicas
1.1. Conceptos teóricos
1.1.2 Características discursivas de la prensa
1.1.3. El punto de partida: un recorrido sobre estudios recientes
1.2. Perspectiva metodológica
1.2.1. La elección de los medios de comunicación
1.2.2. Pertenencia de los casos seleccionados y ejes analíticos
1.2.3. Conformación del corpus Los diarios Entrevistas en profundidad
1.2.4. Estrategias discursivas de análisis

2. Capítulo II: Políticas migratorias y contexto histórico
2.1. Breve contexto económico: las condiciones de producción y la migración
2.1.1. Situación migratoria en el mundo a fines del siglo XX
2.2. Argentina: breve recorrido por las políticas migratorias
2.2.1. Emigración argentina: estudios, etapas y características
2.2.2. Vínculos migratorios entre Argentina y España
2.3. España: breve recorrido por las políticas migratorias recientes
2.4. Cambios en las políticas migratorias durante el período de estudio

2.4.1 Crisis española de 2008 y la Directiva de Retorno

3. Capítulo III: Pasado utópico y presente abyecto. Presentación de la migración reciente en Argentina de latinoamericanos y asiáticos
3.1. Representaciones discursivas en torno al trabajo y las actividades económicas
3.2. Relaciones discursivas en torno a las interacciones sociales
3.2.1. Las fronteras.
3.2.2. La Ciudad
3.2.3. El Barrio
3.2.4. Espacios laborales, espacios de enfermedad y muerte
3.3. La niñez migrante
3.4. Otros perfumes, otros olores
3.5. Festividades, la negociación del espacio
3.6. Relaciones discursivas en torno a normativas y cifras
3.6.1. Cifras

4. Capítulo IV: El nido vacío y recuerdos del pasado. La emigración de argentinos después de la Crisis de 2001
4.1. La visibilización, 1999-2001
4.2. La agudización del fenómeno. El discurso de los diarios frente a la crisis de 2001 en relación al emigrante argentino
4.3. Cambios en el registro de la emigración
4.4. Construcciones simbólicas. El museo como operatoria de cronotopías
4.5. Puesta gráfica

Anexos Capítulo 3
Anexos Capítulo 4

Título obtenido

Doctora de la Universidad de Buenos Aires en Ciencias Sociales

Institución otorgante

Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Sociales

Social Bookmarking