Martes, día de damas : mujeres y cine en la Argentina, 1933-1955


Alabarces, Pablo

Spatial Coverage

Temporal Coverage





263 p.


Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.0 Genérica (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)






Argentina’s modernization had its epicenter in the city of Buenos Aires and the gradual urbanization process that began in the end of the XIXth Century to consolidate from 1910. Modernization includes varied aspects, among which enhances the modification in the life conditions that, besides being urbanized, accompanied the change of the city’s social panorama with the progressive rise of the middle classes and the conformation of the popular classes. Part of the modification of life conditions was the rise of an assemble of technologies which represented the modernity itself and modernized its sensibility or sensorium. The media had a decisive importance in this process. Among them, two stand out because of their posibility of popular use: the radio and the cinema.

At the same time, in the thirties began a gradual but progressive process of industrialization that would be consolidated at the beginning of the fourties when the Second World War provided protectionists conditions to the local production. The modifications operated in this economic structure implied modifications in the social structure and a recomposition of the social relationships including the relationships articulated by gender matters. This was complemented by the massive entrance of women to the world of work, process that began in the end of the XIXth Century but acquired a special importance at the beginning of that decade.

Modernization, then, implied: a urbanization and technologization process of society that included the rise of the cinematographic mechanism. That mechanism allowed women a higher social visibility in the public space, the constitution of a mobile perspective (feminine) and their convertion in publics. Opposite to the time at work, free time included the frequentation of the cinematographer. These are the historical variables between which the objet of analysis is built. This object is in tension because the cultural process in which it was involved was carried out in the contradictions.

These converging situations presented a peculiar historical panorama which social elaboration presents questions, being the major one the way in which these changes were socio-historically developped. As the media are cultural machines producers of meanings, this thesis inquires, in a general way, the social function of mass culture, centering in the particular case of the industrial argentine sonorous cinepatography (1933-1955) and reading it in relation to women.

The thesis is, then, an interpretative inquiry of the modernization process represented cinematographicaly analyzed under two key elements: the representations of the city and the technology which served as a frame to inquire at the same time the mise en scène of women and their work in the cinematography of the period.

In short, study the sonorous industrial cinema in relation to women offered a space to examine the qualities and the problems of the constitution of the modern argentine society. And, at the same time, to strees “the strengths, the people, the motivations and the media that were structured as modern cultural spheres in terms of gender” (Armstrong, 1990: 36).

Título obtenido

Doctora de la Universidad de Buenos Aires en Ciencias Sociales

Institución otorgante

Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Sociales

Social Bookmarking