¿Lucha sin clase? : experiencia de clase en las asambleas riojanas en contra de la megaminería


Ciuffolini, María Alejandra






Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.0 Genérica (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)




La Rioja (province)


The objective of this doctoral thesis is to study the forms acquired by the class experience of the assemblies that have spoken publicly against the metalliferous mega mining in the last decade in the province of La Rioja. The construction of this object of study is the result of the link between a particular theoretical and analytical position about the class and its formation, on the one hand; and the observation of the particular conditions of emergence and political struggle of the environmental assemblies in La Rioja, on the other.

In Argentina, analyzes of struggles for environmental issues offer strong evidence regarding two issues that make a class approach relevant to the processes of
constituting subjects: the always renewed forms of capitalist domination that these struggles denounce; and, the practices or proposals of alternative projects that suggest or perform more or less systematically. Based on this set of antecedents, this work theoretically supports the procedural, relational and dynamic character of the political formation of the class: the class refers to the subjective form from which the subjects recognize themselves and act in the frame of a set of antagonistic confrontations that have with other subjects for having established, reorganized or altered their social conditions of existence.

At the analytical level, it is the Thompsonian category of experience that allows us to disaggregate a series of dimensions that guide the systematic and comparative
analysis: 1) a class situation (the set of relationships and social positions that, for the subjects, are presented defining their living conditions); 2) some interests that
summon them and oppose others, with a certain intensity and scale; 3) certain strategies of political action, which are a response to the strategies of their
adversaries; 4) and, finally, some forms of solidarity, from and towards other subjects in struggle. The process of class formation of a collective in struggle is resolved in the particular combination and historical disposition of all these aspects that involve their class experience.

The main guiding hypothesis with which this study was conducted supported the possibility of identifying a specific class experience of the Riojan assemblies. Furthermore, we presume that, during 10 years, that class experience would not constitute a linear and permanent process over time, but would produce
displacements or modulations.

These assumptions explain that the materials and techniques of production and data analysis correspond to a qualitative methodological design of the research. On the one hand, this work constituted a corpus of 117 public communiqués written by the Riojan assemblies, between 2006 and 2016. To this is added 34 in-depth interviews with members of these assemblies between 2010 and 2016. On the other side, in order to reconstitute the contexts of struggle over 10 years, we resort to the analysis of secondary data: journalistic notes, legal documents (laws, policies, ministerial resolutions) and results of other investigations. The qualitative analysis of these materials includes a combination of content analysis techniques -supported by the use of computer tools- and techniques of discourse analysis -especially based on the marks of enunciation.

The main result of the analysis exposes a class experience in Riojan assemblies that, at least in the period studied, is not expressed in an explicit self-identification as a class. This, however, is not an obstacle to corroborate, through discourse, a particular class experience that observes three different modulations; these correspond to three ways of elaborating the four analytical dimensions that we define as part of the class experience. Analyzing the class situation, the interests of struggle, the strategies of action and the forms of solidarity, allowed us to open an important range of answers about how the Riojan assemblies come into conflict, how they are organized and how they define themselves being political subjects in struggle; how they pose, solve or re-organize the relationships of antagonisms that sustain and lead.

In their correspondence and relationship, these modulations constitute three "moments" or "instants" of the class experience of the Riojan assemblies that, in their particular (dis)continuity, create a temporality of their own. Accessing that (dis)continuous temporality requires, uniting those "instants" or exceptional "instants" in which the class experience of the Riojan assemblies emerges, inaugurating a unique mode of class constitution in and because of historical and changing relationships of struggle.

Finally, the relationship between such "moments" of the class experience is a relationship of rupture that opens new channels to the politicization of the experience of struggle and its planes of political action. These moments can not simply be superimposed on each other for a comparative purpose; they do not represent "additions" or "rearrangements" of aspects or meanings -as if they were, for example, cubes of equal size that only show variations in their internal components, or cubes of different sizes that can be introduced inside each other. Rather, the "passage" from one "moment" of class experience to another is better understood as a "catharsis" that involves the liberation or elimination of the old connections, and a qualitatively different reformulation.

Título obtenido

Doctora de la Universidad de Buenos Aires en Ciencias Sociales

Institución otorgante

Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Sociales

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