El papel del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo en el diseño de las políticas sociales en Argentina (2003-2009) : estudio comparado entre el ciclo de programas sociales financiados por el BID y el Plan Nacional de Desarrollo Local y Economía Social “Manos a la Obra” del Ministerio de Desarrollo Social


Rodríguez, María Carla
Thwaites Rey, Mabel

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323 p.


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In this work I identify, through the analysis of a series of five programs of the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) –approved between 2003 and 2009- aimed at financing social policies developed by the Ministry of Social Development of the Nation (Argentina), a set of intervention devices and I point out what their tools and constituent elements are.

My main thesis is that these interventional devices were shaped by its ability to influence the processes of design, formulation and implementation of public policies in the area of social development (even those that were not directly financed by IADB).

To reach this goal, I selected the Plan de Desarrollo Local y Economía Social “Manos a la Obra”. This program was aimed at promote the development of socioproductive projects in the social sectors identified as vulnerable. That’s why it became the most disruptive social policy towards those promoted by international financial institutions during the period.

The context of emergence of both social policies was determined by Argentinian crisis erupted in December 2001.That crisis was a turning point in the way as different actors formulated the social question. This reformulation contributed to redefine the actor’s network and social practices, as survival and resistance ones. On that basis, I analyze policies taking into account their role in the strategy developed by dominant classes to re-compose capitalism hegemony and state power.

My inquiry is in the area of social policies of secondary income distribution and I focus in the relation between national state and financial international institutions.

In the academic field, there are three theoretical and methodological approaches to social policies. They are based in different ways to understand the state and its relation with the society: liberal-residual (Kliksberg, 2004), analyzsis from the concept of demercantilization (Danani, 2004; Danani & Hintze, 2011; Esping-Andersen, 1993; Grassi, 2004; Hintze, 2007b) and critical theories (Bonnet, 2007; Foucault, 2007; Korpi & Palme, 2003; Murillo, 2006; Offe, 1990). I base my work in the last one, because it highlights the function of social policies in capitalism as mechanism of domination. However, this work dialogues with analysis from the concept of demercantilization, because they bring analytical tools that allow to understand more aspects from the subject of study and question the state functions about poverty.

I analyze the state activity from of world-systems (Wallerstein, 2005), which highlight the role of financial international institutions in geopolitical scenario (understood as a result of international work division). Financial international institutions became important actors in policy making processes in developing countries. In the nineties they stablished a neoliberal regime of social policies and shaped epistemic communities between global and local actors (Deacon, 2007).

This thesis is structured according to a variety of dimensions of analysis, which allowed to find and describe intervention devices developed by the cycle of social programs financed by Inter-American Development Bank and consider their interactions and tensions with “Plan Manos a la Obra”.

First dimension of analysis take into account the political-institutional and financial aspects, which allow understand in what way the policies assimilate in state structure.

Second dimension of analysis take into account operative aspects of each policy and look for understand the actor’s network and the governance model. In this part, social movements of unemployed workers are consider as favored discussion partners.

Third dimension of analysis take into account ideological and theoretical basis of diagnosis about unemployment and poverty and about the role of state in these issues. That considerations shape the political actions and their meanings. In this frame the thesis interprets the processes of subjectivity construction in the focalized population.

Finally, in general conclusions, I formulate cross-cutting questions to contribute to the knowledge about: i) characteristics and limitations of social policies during the studied period and the role of the state in the IADB territorial participation, ii) the meaning of those factors that diverge from IADB intervention devices in policy making processes, and iii) the relation between state and financial international institutions after the neoliberal boom.

Table Of Contents

Listado de siglas y abreviaturas
Listado de tablas y figuras

Capítulo 1. Las políticas sociales y las instituciones financieras internacionales
1.1 Perspectivas teórico-políticas para el abordaje de las políticas sociales
1.2 Las IFI en el sistema-mundo capitalista contemporáneo
1.3 Problema de investigación y abordaje metodológico

Capítulo 2. Diseños político-institucionales y financieros
2.1 Marco político-institucional y financiero de los programas del BID
2.2 Marco político-institucional y financiero del Plan de Desarrollo Local y Economía Social “Manos a la Obra” (PMO)
2.3 Recapitulación. Dispositivos político-institucionales y financieros de intervención del BID en la estructura estatal

Capítulo 3. Entramado de actores y modelos de gestión
3.1 Configuración del entramado de actores y modelo de gestión en los programas
sociales del BID
3.2 Configuración del entramado de actores y modelo de gestión en el PMO
3.3 Recapitulación. Dispositivos operativos y relacionales de intervención del BID en la dinámica estatal

Capítulo 4. Dispositivos conceptual-ideológicos
4.1. Fundamentos conceptuales de los diagnósticos y sus causas
4.2. Articulaciones teórico-políticas de los objetivos y las estrategias
4.3. Procesos de construcción subjetiva
4.4 Recapitulación. Dispositivos ideológicos de intervención del BID en las funciones del Estado

Conclusiones. Dispositivos de intervención del BID sobre el Estado y sus
Acerca de las políticas sociales: entre la ciudadanía y el sujeto intervenido
El tiempo y la distancia: procesos políticos en movimiento
El BID y el Estado en el contexto posterior al auge neoliberal

Título obtenido

Doctora de la Universidad de Buenos Aires en Ciencias Sociales

Institución otorgante

Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Sociales

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