¿A qué mujeres representan las mujeres que nos representan?, tensiones que atraviesan a la representación sustantiva de género : el caso del proyecto de legalización de la interrupción voluntaria del embarazo en Argentina (2018)


Gallo, Ariadna




182 p.


Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.0 Genérica (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)






The central objective of this thesis is to analyze the representation of women legislators, considering not only the relationship between descriptive and substantive representation of gender, but also the specific content of the latter and the dispute generated around its characterization in all the aspects that political representation includes. In order to do this, we analyze a case study that showed how complex it is to characterize theoretically a set of interests based on different cultural, ideological, ontological and value conceptions, and the role of the women who must perform institutionally in pursuit of their realization.

We studied Argentine national legislators who participated in the parliamentary debate of the bill for the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy (IVE) in the year 2018, linking four elements: the individual characteristics of female legislators (related to ideology, party identity and gender awareness), the existence of a critical mass (and its capacity to influence the parliamentary agenda), the institutional context (legislative environment, the electoral system and the structure of political parties) and the social context (mainly women's movements, pressure groups, the media and public opinion).

To study these factors in depth, a two-phase methodological design is used, one quantitative and the other qualitative. Quantitative techniques are implemented to present the statistics of the data related to the descriptive dimension of political representation. In addition, qualitative techniques, including content analysis and discourse analysis, are used to answer questions about substantive representation. From the analysis of the case studied, regarding the interaction of those four factors as a whole, this thesis first accounts for the inherent and constant tension within substantive gender representation. Secondly, it confirms the coexistence of different gender agendas, in permanent dispute and collision, each anchored in a certain comprehensive political worldview. Finally, it highlights the limits and deficits of political parties as vehicles capable of channeling substantive citizen demands.

Título obtenido

Magister de la Universidad de Buenos Aires en Teoría Política y Social

Institución otorgante

Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Sociales

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