Rafael Alberti entre España Republicana (1941-1942) y Sur (1940-1945) : redes, trayectorias, publicaciones


Garabedian, Marcelo

Spatial Coverage

Temporal Coverage





114 p.


Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.0 Genérica (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)






Within the framework of studies on the Spanish diaspora and exile, this thesis focuses on the analysis of the insertion of the spanish poet and writer Rafael Alberti in Argentine society during the first stage of his exile in the country, from the reconstruction of their contact networks, their traced trajectories, and the publications that they sent to two mass media nucleated in different groups: the Argentine magazine Sur directed and founded by Victoria Ocampo and the periodic publication España Republicana, a press organ of the Centro Republicano Español de Buenos Aires. In the case of Sur, the period 1940-1945 was considered, that is, from Alberti's arrival in the country as an exile, until the end of the Second World War. About the Spanish publication, the years 1941 and 1942 were taken into account, at which time the poet published a large number of articles and participated in activities promoted by Hispanic institutions in the country, such as courses, conferences and other meetings.

On the one hand, Alberti’s career as a writer and his past as a republican artist were recorded. This allowed us to reconstruct the itineraries that Alberti traced after his arrival in Argentina and to examine the link that he built with the associative fabric of a hispanic character that was formed at the local level.

Describing the indexes of these publications helped us to recount the main debates that circulated on their pages. This study also enabled us to recognize the disputes, as well as the aesthetic choices that the poet made in order to stay in two competitive media.
Regarding to the articles that he published, a deep and comparative analysis of these writings allowed us to recognize which were the political and literary ideas that the Spanish poet wanted to promote. For them, we analyze the notion of the Republic, which led us to re-enact the debate that had circulated during the spanish Civil War in the graphic press of Argentina through the most important newspapers, such as La Nación, La Prensa and Crítica. In this way, we were able to notice the tensions that existed in Argentina between the writers of the Buenos Aires intellectual scene before the arrival of all the exiles. For this, it was also necessary to rebuild in a general way the universe of cultural magazines that existed in the country in the decade prior to the arrival of these exiles.

Likewise, we examine other areas of Alberti’s political conception linked to the Civil War, fascism, the World War and the figure of exile. Alberti was a writer affiliated with the Spanish Communist Party, so it was also important to see how he expressed his ideological thinking.

Finally, the poet tried to join the different circles of writers that existed in Argentina. Describing the meetings that were organized around the Grupo Sur allowed us to recognize the order of belonging to this intellectual tendency nucleated around Victoria Ocampo, Jorge Luis Borges, among others, and to associate the figure of Alberti with other sociability scenarios and activities organized by the hispanic institutions in the country.

Título obtenido

Magister de la Universidad de Buenos Aires en Comunicación y Cultura

Institución otorgante

Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Sociales

Social Bookmarking