Democracia y estado de excepción en Paraguay (1992-2012)


Soler, Lorena

Spatial Coverage

Temporal Coverage





129 p.


Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.0 Genérica (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)






The state of exception in Paraguay was introduced after the reform of the 1992 National Constitution to replace the state of siege, a figure to which General Alfredo Stroessner hadappealed to make his repressive practices legal during 35 years (1954 -1989), within the framework of the 1967 National Constitution. However, the ending of the Stroessner`s regime (1989) and the beginning of the transition required the modification of the inherited legal and political order to balance the State powers and exercise greater control over the Executive branch.

This thesis seeks to make a contribution from the perspective of historical sociology in order to problematize the state of exception within the framework of historical processes, which was applied against specific social subjects, in order to notice the limits that this legal figure implied for democracy in Paraguay. The objective will be to analyze the social and historical conditions that led to the incorporation of the state of exception into the 1992 National Constitution and its application in specific historical moments (under the government of Luis González Macchi in 2000 and 2002 and Fernando Lugo in 2010 and 2011); as well as problematizing the social and political effects it had on the democratic order from its constitutional sanction (1992) to the political trial and coup against Fernando Lugo (2012).

Some questions structure our analysis: what political objectives did the state of emergency promote? What were the social and political effects caused, and what were the results? Was it a measure to safeguard and contribute to the preservation of the democratic order or to alter it? The hypothesis of our research holds that the 1992 National Constitution, as an expression of the new democratic pact, inaugurated a necessary legal framework to give legitimacy to the recently established transition process, while the incorporation of the state of emergency was an attempt to balance the powers of the state and exercise greater control over the prerogatives and arbitrariness of the Executive. However, its application exposed the discretion of the State powers that ended up conditioning the transition process and the democratic order in Paraguay.

Título obtenido

Magíster de la Universidad de Buenos Aires en Estudios Sociales Latinoamericanos

Institución otorgante

Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Sociales

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