La experiencia estudiantil en una sociedad hostil : una aproximación a los estudiantes universitarios de Ibagué (2012)


Kaplan, Carina Viviana

Spatial Coverage

Temporal Coverage





229 p.


Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.0 Genérica (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)




Ibagué (inhabited place)


The thesis analyzes the student experience as a possibility to transform the lives of young people and an alternative to handle in a hostile society, was conducted from a qualitative approach to university students of Ibagué (Colombia) during the year 2012.

Two concepts as research bases area used. On the one hand, the student experience refers to the ways people assume relationships and facts during their transit from the university, establishing the interdependencies between individual experiences, institutional dynamics and the peculiarities of the society. On the other hand, a hostile society is a place where people do not have guaranteed their basic rights such as education, health, labor, safety and welfare, and daily people face situations of adversity, conflict and inequality. From this context, the thesis is approaching young people carried out their university studies in a society with deep conflicts and limited possibilities for the future.

The research has a qualitative approach; so, the central categories and structure of the thesis were products of the interaction with three types of sources: i) the testimonies and observations of students; ii) secondary sources reports or documents from public or private entities; and iii) materials media, research texts in sociological theory, education and anthropology. Is used different techniques to get them data, between them, observation participant, interviews and groups of discussion in which participated 70 students who were finishing their careers, from of two universities of the city of Ibague (Colombia) during the 2012.

The text is composed of six chapters: the first, rescues approaches on student experience from basic references in sociology of education and research in Latin America. The second takes a sociological approach to the student experience from the protagonist. The third correspond to an explanation to "a hostile society" where the basic rights of individuals are neglected or forgotten, where failure, not only school, is part of everyday life and where alternative futures for young people are uncertain. The fourth refers to the ways that students find during their links to college, not institutional or administrative conceptions, are them trails that trace the protagonists. The fifth addresses training as a tool of transformation in individuals, highlighting their links to the educational process and his contact with knowledge and its relationship to academic communities. The sixth refers to the behavior of university students,

The thesis allowed to observe that the student experience provides conditions for students to transform their life. The intensity of transformation varies in correspondence with the importance people give the student experience, when this is significant, the transformation is higher and when experience is insignificant transformation is lower. From there, three relationships can be established with society: a) where the transformation is less people come to reproducing the conditions prevailing in the hostile society; b) where the transformation is higher, students try to find alternatives for themselves and the people around them, facing adverse social conditions, and c) where the transformation can be or not significant in the individual, but evaluated that society does not it provides minimum conditions for a life project: emigrate in search of better opportunities. There are three ways to deal with a hostile society: reproduce, confront and emigrate.

Table Of Contents


a) Problema de la investigación
b) La perspectiva de análisis
c) Planteamientos metodológicos
d) La estructura de la tesis .

1. La experiencia estudiantil: un estado del arte.
1.1. Los referentes básicos.
1.2. Las actividades destacadas
1.2.1. Estudiar
1.2.2. Trabajar
1.2.3. Militar
1.3. Los espacios de la vida universitaria
1.4. Los vínculos: comunidades, intercambios y grupos diversos

2. Una aproximación sociológica a la experiencia estudiantil
2.1. La experiencia es social
2.2. Un lugar y un tiempo
2.3. El trabajo de ser estudiante
2.4. La experiencia estudiantil .

3. Una sociedad hostil .
3.1. ¿Qué es una sociedad hostil?
3.2. El fracaso como medida de valoración
3.3. La opción de futuro: emigrar

4. Los caminos en la universidad
4.1. La desilusión
4.2. La reproducción
4.3. La alternativa
4.4. Los tres caminos

5. La formación: las transformaciones académicas de los estudiantes
5.1. El proceso de formación
5.2. Las capacidades intelectuales
5.3. El esfuerzo individual
5.4. Los encuentros con los profesores
5.5. La formación como una ventana

6. El comportamiento de los estudiantes en una sociedad hostil
6.1. Un grupo privilegiado
6.2. Miradas lejanas: violencia y consumo
6.3. Ethos: solidaridad, funcionalidad y desencanto
6.4. Las miradas de los estudiantes

Fuentes primarias
Grupos de discusión
Fuentes secundarias

Anexo 1. Perfiles de los entrevistados.
Anexo 2. Características de los grupos de discusión.

Título obtenido

Doctor de la Universidad de Buenos Aires en Ciencias Sociales

Institución otorgante

Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Sociales

Social Bookmarking