Think tanks y neoliberalismo en Colombia : expertos y producción de ideas sobre el Estado en el Instituto de Ciencia Política (1986-1998)


Soler, Lorena




155 p.


Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0 Internacional (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)






The general objective of this research is to study, from historical sociology and a transnational approach, the formation of the Institute of Political Science, between 1986 and 1998, as a think tank that, within the framework of the structural reforms implemented in Colombia, brought together a heterogeneous group of experts from Latin America as part of an action strategy to legitimize their intervention in the public debates of the time in favor of consolidation. of neoliberalism as a project of social order.

Towards the '80s and '90s in Latin America, the emergence of think tanks as new political actors was consolidated, collaborating in the construction and installation of worldviews around the adoption of new forms of order associated with neoliberal ideology. Their participation in public debates is nourished by experts who collaborate in the production of their ideas, the appropriation and adaptation of knowledge that they incorporate into local realities and their belonging to transnational networks enables their circulation and gives them legitimacy.

The thesis discusses the neoliberal reform in Colombia based on the specific articulation between think tanks, experts, and networks, as a sign of a new relationship between politics and knowledge, which is also part of the transformation of order in this certain climate of the time. The temporary cut, 1986-1998, covers three periods of government of the Liberal Party in which the end of the model based on the internal market and the substitution of imports and the construction of the neoliberal order as State policy is evident, a framework in which the Institute of Political Science appears as a political-intellectual project.

Considering what has been raised, the questions that drive the thesis revolve around how power and knowledge are articulated in the Institute of Political Science? What are the ideas produced by this think tank that collaborated in the construction of a neoliberal era climate? What are the tools for legitimizing the positions of the Institute and its experts? What are the trajectories presented by the IPS experts? How did the think tank-network-experts device express itself in the experience of the Institute of Political Science?

We maintain as a research hypothesis that, based on the production and circulation of its visions on neoliberalism, the Institute of Political Science (1986-1998) emerged as a political and intellectual actor that sought to consolidate ideas regarding the State as a form of business organization, at a juncture marked by the implementation of structural reforms. To this end: 1. he convened a group of intellectuals who, due to their credentials and their presence in academic, political and media circles of action, were expert exponents of Latin American neoliberalism; and 2. he used his membership in transnational networks of think tanks and the publication of the Revista Ciencia Política as mechanisms for the production and circulation of ideas. In this way, experts, networks, and ideas were the instruments that made it possible, from an apparent party neutrality, to legitimize their visions aimed at the consolidation of neoliberalism as a project of political and social order in public debates between 1986 and 1998.

Título obtenido

Magister de la Universidad de Buenos Aires en Estudios Sociales Latinoamericanos

Institución otorgante

Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Sociales

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